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The detection of specific hypermethylated WIF1 and NPY genes in circulating DNA by crystal digital PCR™ is a powerful new tool for colorectal cancer diagnosis and screening

Abstract : Background: In oncology, liquid biopsy is of major relevance from theranostic point of view. The searching for mutations in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in case of colorectal cancers (CRCs) allows the optimization of patient care. In this context, independent of mutation status biomarkers are required for its detection to confirm the presence of ctDNA in liquid biopsies. Indeed, the hypermethylation of NPY and WIF1 genes appear to be an ideal biomarker for the specific detection of ctDNA in CRCs. The objective of this work is to develop the research of hypermethylation of NPY and WIF1 by Crystal Digital PCR™ for the detection of ctDNA in CRCs. Methods: Detection of hypermethylated NPY and WIF1 was developed on Cristal digital PCR™. Biological validation was performed from a local cohort of 22 liquid biopsies and 23 tissue samples from patients with CRC. These patients were treated at the University Hospital of Besancon (France). Results: The local cohort study confirmed that NPY and WIF1 were significantly hypermethylated in tumor tissues compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues (WIF1 p < 0.001; NPY p < 0.001; non-parametric Wilcoxon paired-series test). Histological characteristics, tumor stages or mutation status were not correlated to the methylation profiles. On the other hand, hypermethylation of NPY or WIF1 in liquid biopsy had a 95.5% [95%CI 77-100%] sensitivity and 100% [95%CI 69-100%] specificity. Conclusion: Using Crystal digital PCR™, this study shows that hypermethylation of NPY and WIF1 are constant specific biomarkers of CRCs regardless of a potential role in carcinogenesis.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03472924
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 4:01:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:08:28 AM

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Alexis Overs, Mylène Flammang, Eric Hervouet, Laurent Bermont, Jean-Luc Pretet, et al.. The detection of specific hypermethylated WIF1 and NPY genes in circulating DNA by crystal digital PCR™ is a powerful new tool for colorectal cancer diagnosis and screening. BMC Cancer, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.1092. ⟨10.1186/s12885-021-08816-2⟩. ⟨inserm-03472924⟩

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