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Late presentation for HCV care: Time to target people with diabetes and/or hazardous alcohol use (ANRS CO22 HEPATHER cohort)

Abstract : Background and aims: Late presentation for care of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection - defined as having severe liver fibrosis when first consulting a specialist for HCV care - increases morbidity and mortality. Identifying the socio-behavioural correlates of late presentation is essential to improve HCV strategies to optimize HCV cascade of care. We investigated clinical and socio-behavioural correlates of late presentation for care in HCV mono-infected individuals. Methods: This study included chronic HCV mono-infected patients participating in the French national cohort ANRS CO22 HEPATHER, starting in 2012. The correlates of late presentation were estimated using a Heckman probit selection model, which takes into account the possible selection bias because of missing data in the outcome. Results: Among the 9174 study patients, 1236 had available data on liver fibrosis stage at first presentation for HCV care. Of these, 591 (47.8%) were late presenters. In a multivariable analysis adjusted for age, sex and HCV genotype, having diabetes (adjusted coefficient [95% confidence interval]: 0.55 [0.30; 0.80]), current hazardous alcohol use (0.36 [0.03; 0.69]) and current abstinence but past hazardous alcohol use (0.42 [0.19; 0.64]) (vs. current abstinence and no past hazardous use) were all independently associated with late presentation for HCV care. Conclusions: As late presentation severely affects HCV cascade of care, our findings bring important new evidence about the need to promptly identify and target people with diabetes and/or past or current hazardous alcohol use for HCV screening and treatment within the wider context of the WHO goal to eliminate HCV by 2030.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03465070
Contributor : Odile Malbec Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 4:00:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 12:00:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 4, 2022 - 7:20:44 PM

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Melina Santos, Camelia Protopopescu, Elizabeth Delarocque‐astagneau, Marc Bourlière, Ventizlava Petrov‐sanchez, et al.. Late presentation for HCV care: Time to target people with diabetes and/or hazardous alcohol use (ANRS CO22 HEPATHER cohort). Liver International, Wiley-Blackwell, 2021, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1111/liv.15056⟩. ⟨inserm-03465070⟩

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