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Kinetics of the establishment of HIV-1 viral interference and comprehensive analysis of the contribution of viral genes

Abstract : Viral interference defines the reduced susceptibility of an infected cell to reinfection. For HIV-1, both receptor-dependent and independent pathways were described. The relative importance of different receptor-independent pathways has not been addressed. We have used reporter viruses to quantify the percentage of single-and double-infected cells, as a function of the delay between the two infections. For co-infection experiments, the frequency of double infected cells was higher than expected for independent events. By delaying the second infection, this frequency progressively diminished, resulting in significant interference after 18 h. Interference measured here was largely receptor-independent. By individually deleting viral genes or expressing them in isolation, we demonstrate that the viral protein Rev plays a dominant role, while other viral proteins contributes to optimal interference. Our study defines the kinetics of early HIV-1 interference, describing the transition from higher susceptibility to double-infection to viral interference, and identifies Rev as its dominant effector.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03451954
Contributor : Fabrizio Mammano Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 4:53:36 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 3:47:59 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 27, 2022 - 7:56:47 PM

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Azaria Remion, Marc Delord, Allan J Hance, Sentob Saragosti, Fabrizio Mammano. Kinetics of the establishment of HIV-1 viral interference and comprehensive analysis of the contribution of viral genes. Virology, Elsevier, 2016, 487, pp.59 - 67. ⟨10.1016/j.virol.2015.09.028⟩. ⟨inserm-03451954⟩

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