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PLA2R1 promotes DNA damage and inhibits spontaneous tumor formation during aging

Abstract : Although aging is a major risk factor for most types of cancers, it is barely studied in this context. The transmembrane protein PLA2R1 (phospholipase A2 receptor) promotes cellular senescence, which can inhibit oncogene-induced tumor initiation. Functions and mechanisms of action of PLA2R1 during aging are largely unknown. In this study, we observed that old Pla2r1 knockout mice were more prone to spontaneously develop a wide spectrum of tumors compared to control littermates. Consistently, these knockout mice displayed increased Parp1, a master regulator of DNA damage repair, and decreased DNA damage, correlating with large human dataset analysis. Forced PLA2R1 expression in normal human cells decreased PARP1 expression, induced DNA damage and subsequent senescence, while the constitutive expression of PARP1 rescued cells from these PLA2R1-induced effects. Mechanistically, PARP1 expression is repressed by a ROS (reactive oxygen species)-Rb-dependent mechanism upon PLA2R1 expression. In conclusion, our results suggest that PLA2R1 suppresses aging-induced tumors by repressing PARP1, via a ROS–Rb signaling axis, and inducing DNA damage and its tumor suppressive responses.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03420490
Contributor : David Bernard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 9, 2021 - 11:10:24 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 4:07:18 AM

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Anda Huna, Audrey Griveau, David Vindrieux, Sara Jaber, Jean-Michel Flaman, et al.. PLA2R1 promotes DNA damage and inhibits spontaneous tumor formation during aging. Cell Death and Disease, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 12 (2), pp.190. ⟨10.1038/s41419-021-03468-3⟩. ⟨inserm-03420490⟩

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