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Does cord blood leptin level mediate the association between neonatal body size and postnatal growth? Results from the EDEN mother–child cohort study

Abstract : Background: Leptin is potentially involved in the correction of early postnatal growth of infants having deviated from their genetic trajectory in utero. Aim: To analyse the potential mediating role of cord blood leptin level in the association between neonatal anthropometry and early postnatal growth in the mother-child EDEN cohort. Subjects and methods: We included term newborns with information on leptin, birth weight and length, and weight and length SD-score changes over the first 2 months. The Baron and Kenny method was used to quantify the mediation contribution of leptin in the association between neonatal anthropometry and postnatal growth, considering several confounders. Analyses were stratified to consider sexual dimorphism. Results: A 1 SD higher birth weight was associated with a lower 2-months weight variation of 0.27 (0.18; 0.36) SD and a 0.16 (0.06; 0.26) SD, in boys and girls, respectively. Leptin explained 20% and 25% of these associations, respectively. Leptin did not mediate the association between birth length and birth-to-2 months length variation. Conclusion: Our results suggest that cord blood leptin may not be involved in the negative association between birth length and postnatal length growth but may play a modest mediating role in early postnatal catch-up or catch-down in weight.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03412921
Contributor : Marie Aline Charles Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 2:09:44 PM
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Marion Taine, Olfa Khalfallah, Anne Forhan, Nicolas Glaichenhaus, Marie-Aline Charles, et al.. Does cord blood leptin level mediate the association between neonatal body size and postnatal growth? Results from the EDEN mother–child cohort study. Annals of Human Biology, Taylor & Francis, 2020, 47 (2), pp.159-165. ⟨10.1080/03014460.2020.1748712⟩. ⟨inserm-03412921⟩

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