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Lactic Acidosis Together with GM-CSF and M-CSF Induces Human Macrophages toward an Inflammatory Protumor Phenotype

Abstract : In established tumors, tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) orchestrate nonresolving cancer-related inflammation and produce mediators favoring tumor growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis. However, the factors conferring inflammatory and protumor properties on human macrophages remain largely unknown. Most solid tumors have high lactate content. We therefore analyzed the impact of lactate on human monocyte differentiation. We report that prolonged lactic acidosis induces the differentiation of monocytes into macrophages with a phenotype including protumor and inflammatory characteristics. These cells produce tumor growth factors, inflammatory cytokines, and chemokines as well as low amounts of IL10. These effects of lactate require its metabolism and are associated with hypoxia-inducible factor-1a stabilization. The expression of some lactate-induced genes is dependent on autocrine M-CSF consumption. Finally, TAMs with protumor and inflammatory characteristics (VEGF high CXCL8+ IL1b+) are found in solid ovarian tumors. These results show that tumor-derived lactate links the protumor features of TAMs with their inflammatory properties. Treatments that reduce tumor glycolysis or tumorassociated acidosis may help combat cancer.
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Contributor : Simon Blanchard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 12:32:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:39:42 AM
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Léa Paolini, Clément Adam, Céline Beauvillain, Laurence Preisser, Simon J. Blanchard, et al.. Lactic Acidosis Together with GM-CSF and M-CSF Induces Human Macrophages toward an Inflammatory Protumor Phenotype. Cancer Immunology Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2020, 8 (3), pp.383 - 395. ⟨10.1158/2326-6066.cir-18-0749⟩. ⟨inserm-03377866⟩



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