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Cortical Circuit Dysfunction as a Potential Driver of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Abstract : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that affects selected cortical and spinal neuronal populations, leading to progressive paralysis and death. A growing body of evidences suggests that the disease may originate in the cerebral cortex and propagate in a corticofugal manner. In particular, transcranial magnetic stimulation studies revealed that ALS patients present with early cortical hyperexcitability arising from a combination of increased excitability and decreased inhibition. Here, we discuss the possibility that initial cortical circuit dysfunction might act as the main driver of ALS onset and progression, and review recent functional, imaging and transcriptomic studies conducted on ALS patients, along with electrophysiological, pathological and transcriptomic studies on animal and cellular models of the disease, in order to evaluate the potential cellular and molecular origins of cortical hyperexcitability in ALS.
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Contributor : Stéphane Dieterle Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 2:01:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 28, 2022 - 9:38:58 AM
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Aurore Brunet, Geoffrey Stuart-Lopez, Thibaut Burg, Jelena Scekic-Zahirovic, Caroline Rouaux. Cortical Circuit Dysfunction as a Potential Driver of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2020, 14, pp.363. ⟨10.3389/fnins.2020.00363⟩. ⟨inserm-03376303⟩



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