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LentiRILES, a miRNA-ON Sensor System for Monitoring the Functionality of miRNA in Cancer Biology and Therapy

Abstract : A major unresolved challenge in miRNA biology is the capacity to monitor the spatiotemporal activity of miRNAs expressed in animal disease models. We recently reported that the miRNA-ON monitoring system called RILES (RNAi-inducible expression Luciferase system) implanted in lentivirus expression system (LentiRILES) offers opportunity to decipher the kinetics of miRNA activity in vitro, in relation with their intracellular trafficking in glioblastoma cells. In this study we describe in detail the method for production of LentiRILES stable cell lines and employed it in several applications in the field of miRNA biology and therapy. We show that LentiRILES is a robust, highly specific and sensitive miRNA sensor system that can be used in vitro as a single-cell miRNA monitoring method, cell-based screening platform for miRNA therapeutics and as a tool to analyze the structurefunction relationship of the miRNA duplex. Furthermore, we report the kinetic of miRNA activity upon the intracranial delivery of miRNA mimics in an orthotopic animal model of glioblastoma. This information is exploited to evaluate the tumor suppressive function of miRNA-200c as locoregional therapeutic modality to treat glioblastoma. Our data provide evidence that LentiRILES is a robust system, well-suited to resolve the activity of endogenous and exogenously expressed miRNAs for basic research to gene and cell therapy.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03374619
Contributor : Elizabeth Bernardo Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 11:23:08 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:19:38 AM

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Viorel Simion, Claire Loussouarn, Yoan Laurent, Loris Roncali, David Gosset, et al.. LentiRILES, a miRNA-ON Sensor System for Monitoring the Functionality of miRNA in Cancer Biology and Therapy. RNA Biology/RNA Biol., Georgetown, TX : Landes Bioscience (2015- : Philadelphia, PA : Taylor & Francis), 2021, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1080/15476286.2021.1978202⟩. ⟨inserm-03374619⟩

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