Tau accumulation in astrocytes of the dentate gyrus induces neuronal dysfunction and memory deficits in Alzheimer’s disease - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Neuroscience Year : 2020

Tau accumulation in astrocytes of the dentate gyrus induces neuronal dysfunction and memory deficits in Alzheimer’s disease

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Romain Perbet
Sophie Halliez
Luc Buée
Morvane Colin

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of the tau protein in neurons, neurodegeneration and memory loss. However, the role of non-neuronal cells in this chain of events remains unclear. In the present study, we found accumulation of tau in hilar astrocytes of the dentate gyrus of individuals with AD. In mice, the overexpression of 3R tau specifically in hilar astrocytes of the dentate gyrus altered mitochondrial dynamics and function. In turn, these changes led to a reduction of adult neurogenesis, parvalbumin-expressing neurons, inhibitory synapses and hilar gamma oscillations, which were accompanied by impaired spatial memory performances. Together, these results indicate that the loss of tau homeostasis in hilar astrocytes of the dentate gyrus is sufficient to induce AD-like symptoms, through the impairment of the neuronal network. These results are important for our understanding of disease mechanisms and underline the crucial role of astrocytes in hippocampal function.
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inserm-03366740 , version 1 (05-10-2021)

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Kevin Richetin, Pascal Steullet, Mathieu Pachoud, Romain Perbet, Enea Parietti, et al.. Tau accumulation in astrocytes of the dentate gyrus induces neuronal dysfunction and memory deficits in Alzheimer’s disease. Nature Neuroscience, 2020, 23 (12), pp.1567-1579. ⟨10.1038/s41593-020-00728-x⟩. ⟨inserm-03366740⟩

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