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Journal Articles Cancer Letters Year : 2021

The intratumoral microbiome: characterization methods and functional impact

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Abstract

Live-pathogenic bacteria, which were identified inside tumors hundreds year ago, are key elements in modern cancer research. As they have a relatively accessible genome, they offer a multitude of metabolic engineering opportunities, useful in several clinical fields. Better understanding of the tumor microenvironment and its associated microbiome would help conceptualize new metabolically engineered species, triggering efficient therapeutic responses against cancer. Unfortunately, given the low microbial biomass nature of tumors, characterizing the tumor microbiome remains a challenge. Tumors have a high host versus bacterial DNA ratio, making it extremely complex to identify tumor-associated bacteria. Nevertheless, with the improvements in next-generation analytic tools, recent studies demonstrated the existence of intratumor bacteria inside defined tumors. It is now proven that each cancer subtype has a unique microbiome, characterized by bacterial communities with specific metabolic functions. This review provides a brief overview of the main approaches used to characterize the tumor microbiome, and of the recently proposed functions of intracellular bacteria identified in oncological entities. The therapeutic aspects of live-pathogenic microbes are also discussed, regarding the tumor microenvironment of each cancer type.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03358660 , version 1 (29-09-2021)

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Clément J.F. Heymann, Jean-Marie Bard, Marie-Françoise Heymann, Dominique Heymann, Christine Bobin-Dubigeon. The intratumoral microbiome: characterization methods and functional impact. Cancer Letters, 2021, 522, pp.63-79. ⟨10.1016/j.canlet.2021.09.009⟩. ⟨inserm-03358660⟩
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