The chromatin remodelling protein LSH/HELLS regulates the amount and distribution of DNA hydroxymethylation in the genome - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Epigenetics Year : 2021

The chromatin remodelling protein LSH/HELLS regulates the amount and distribution of DNA hydroxymethylation in the genome

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Abstract

Ten-Eleven Translocation (TET) proteins convert 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) leading to a dynamic epigenetic state of DNA that can influence transcription and chromatin organization. While TET proteins interact with complexes involved in transcriptional repression and activation, the overall understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in TET-mediated regulation of gene expression still remains limited. Here, we show that TET proteins interact with the chromatin remodelling protein lymphoid-specific helicase (LSH/HELLS) in vivo and in vitro. In mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and embryonic stem cells (ESCs) knock out of Lsh leads to a significant reduction of 5-hydroxymethylation amount in the DNA. Whole genome sequencing of 5hmC in wild-type versus Lsh knock-out MEFs and ESCs showed that in absence of Lsh, some regions of the genome gain 5hmC while others lose it, with mild correlation with gene expression changes. We further show that differentially hydroxymethylated regions did not completely overlap with differentially methylated regions indicating that changes in 5hmC distribution upon Lsh knock-out are not a direct consequence of 5mC decrease. Altogether, our results suggest that LSH, which interacts with TET proteins, contributes to the regulation of 5hmC levels and distribution in MEFs and ESCs.
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inserm-03357207 , version 1 (28-09-2021)

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Maud de Dieuleveult, Martin Bizet, Laurence Colin, Emilie Calonne, Martin Bachman, et al.. The chromatin remodelling protein LSH/HELLS regulates the amount and distribution of DNA hydroxymethylation in the genome. Epigenetics, 2021, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1080/15592294.2021.1917152⟩. ⟨inserm-03357207⟩
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