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Journal Articles BMC Medical Education Year : 2021

Teaching emergency situations during a psychiatry residency programme using a blended learning approach: a pilot study

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Abstract

Background: Emergency psychiatry is an essential component in the training of psychiatry residents who are required to make patient-centred orientation decisions. This training calls for specific knowledge as well as skills and attitudes requiring experience. Kolb introduced a theory on experiential learning which suggested that effective learners should have four types of abilities: concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualisation and active experimentation. We aimed to evaluate a resident training programme that we designed for use in an emergency psychiatry setting based on the experimental learning theory. Methods: We designed a four-step training programme for all first-year psychiatry residents: (i) theoretical teaching of psychiatric emergency knowledge, (ii) concrete experience of ability teaching involving an initial simulation session based on three scenarios corresponding to clinical situations frequently encountered in emergency psychiatry (suicidal crisis, hypomania and depressive episodes), (iii) reflective observation and abstract conceptualisation teaching based on videos and clinical interview commentary by a senior psychiatrist for the same three scenarios, (iv) active experimentation teaching during a second simulation session based on the same three frequently encountered clinical situations but with different scenarios. Training-related knowledge acquisition was assessed after the second simulation session based on a multiple-choice quiz (MCQ), short-answer questions and a script concordance test (SCT). The satisfaction questionnaire was assessed after the resident had completed his/her initial session in order to evaluate the relevance of teaching in clinical practice. The descriptive analyses were described using the mean (+/- standard deviation). The comparative analyses were conducted with the Wilcoxon or Student's t tests depending on data distribution. Results: The residents' mean MCQ and short-answer question scores and SCT were 7.25/10 (SD = 1.2) 8.33/10 (SD = 1.4), 77.5/100 (SD = 15.8), respectively. The satisfaction questionnaire revealed that 67 % of residents found the teaching consistent. Conclusion: We designed a blended learning programme that associated, classical theoretical learning to acquire the basic concepts, a learning with simulation training to experiment the clinical situations and a video support to improve learning of interview skills and memory recall. The residents indicate that this training was adequate to prepare them to be on duty. However, despite this encouraging point, this program needs further studies to attest of its efficiency.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03356831 , version 1 (28-09-2021)

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Juliette Salles, Philippe Birmes, Laurent Schmitt, Bruno Bastiani, Maria Soto, et al.. Teaching emergency situations during a psychiatry residency programme using a blended learning approach: a pilot study. BMC Medical Education, 2021, 21 (1), pp.473. ⟨10.1186/s12909-021-02887-2⟩. ⟨inserm-03356831⟩
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