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Pretransplant HLA mistyping in diagnostic samples of acute myeloid leukemia patients due to acquired uniparental disomy

Abstract : Although acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) has been reported in relapse acute myeloid leukemia (AML), pretransplant aUPD involving chromosome 6 is poorly documented. Such events could be of interest because loss of heterozygosity (LOH) resulting from aUPD in leukemic cells may lead to erroneous results if HLA typing for hematopoietic stem cell donor searches is performed on blood samples drawn during blastic crisis. We report here six AML patients whose HLA typing was performed on DNA extracted from peripheral blood obtained at diagnosis. We observed LOH involving the entire HLA region (three patients), HLA-A, B, C (two patients) and HLA-A only (one patient). An array-comparative genomic hybridization showed that copy number was neutral for all loci, thus revealing partial aUPD of chromosome 6p21. When HLA typing was performed on remission blood samples both haplotypes were detected. A 3-4% LOH incidence was estimated in AML patients with high blast counts. Based on DNA mixing experiments, we determined by PCR sequence-specific oligonucleotide hybridization on microbeads arrays a detection threshold for HLA-A, B, DRB1 heterozygosity in blood samples with o80% blasts. Because aUPD may be partial, any homozygous HLA result should be confirmed by a second typing performed on buccal swabs or on blood samples from the patient in remission.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03349765
Contributor : Katia Gagne Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 20, 2021 - 5:12:58 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 3:16:22 AM

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V Dubois, F Sloan-Béna, A Cesbron, B Hepkema, Katia Gagne, et al.. Pretransplant HLA mistyping in diagnostic samples of acute myeloid leukemia patients due to acquired uniparental disomy. Leukemia, Nature Publishing Group: Open Access Hybrid Model Option B, 2012, 26 (9), pp.2079 - 2085. ⟨10.1038/leu.2012.68⟩. ⟨inserm-03349765⟩

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