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T Cell Response in Xenorecognition and Xenografts: A Review

Abstract : Xenotransplantation has recently become a subject of interest for the transplantation community due to the current organ shortage, which could be partially or even totally solved by the development of this strategy. The humoral response, which arises as a result of species disparities, is the major obstacle to the success of xenotransplantation. However, if the use of different strategies such as plasmapheresis, immunoadsorption, the utilization of organs from transgenic pigs for complement regulatory molecules and new immunosuppressive drugs, may allow to overcome or reduce the early antibody mediated rejections (hyperacute or acute vascular rejection), delayed responses based on cellular activations will still occur. In this review, despite the fact that different cell populations have been shown to be implicated in these phenomena (NK, granulocytes, macrophages), we will focus on recent published information concerning T cell response only, in xenorecognition.
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Sophie Brouard, Katia Gagne, Gilles Blancho, Jean Paul Soulillou. T Cell Response in Xenorecognition and Xenografts: A Review. Human Immunology, Elsevier, 1999, 60 (6), pp.455-68. ⟨10.1016/s0198-8859(99)00020-8⟩. ⟨inserm-03349655⟩



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