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Preserved structural connectivity mediates the clinical effect of thrombolysis in patients with anterior-circulation stroke

Abstract : Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in acute ischemic stroke aims to restore compromised blood flow and prevent further neuronal damage. Despite the proven clinical efficacy of this treatment, little is known about the short-term effects of systemic thrombolysis on structural brain connectivity. In this secondary analysis of the WAKE-UP trial, we used MRI-derived measures of infarct size and estimated structural network disruption to establish that thrombolysis is associated not only with less infarct growth, but also with reduced loss of large-scale connectivity between grey-matter areas after stroke. In a causal mediation analysis, infarct growth mediated a non-significant 8.3% (CI(95%) [-8.0, 32.6]%) of the clinical effect of thrombolysis on functional outcome. The proportion mediated jointly through infarct growth and change of structural connectivity, especially in the border zone around the infarct core, however, was as high as 33.4% (CI(95%) [8.8, 77.4]%). Preservation of structural connectivity is thus an important determinant of treatment success and favourable functional outcome in addition to lesion volume. It might, in the future, serve as an imaging endpoint in clinical trials or as a target for therapeutic interventions.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03344378
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 7:34:35 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 18, 2021 - 3:29:40 AM

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E. Schlemm, T. Ingwersen, A. Königsberg, F. Boutitie, M. Ebinger, et al.. Preserved structural connectivity mediates the clinical effect of thrombolysis in patients with anterior-circulation stroke. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 12 (1), pp.2590. ⟨10.1038/s41467-021-22786-w⟩. ⟨inserm-03344378⟩

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