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Sar1b mutant mice recapitulate gastrointestinal abnormalities associated with chylomicron retention disease

Abstract : Chylomicron retention disease (CRD) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with biallelic Sar1b mutations leading to defects in intracellular chylomicron (CM) trafficking and secretion. To date, a direct cause-effect relationship between CRD and Sar1b mutation has not been established, but genetically modified animal models provide an opportunity to elucidate unrecognized aspects of these mutations. To examine the physiological role and molecular mechanisms of Sar1b function, we generated mice expressing either a targeted deletion or mutation of human Sar1b using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. We found that deletion or mutation of Sar1b in mice resulted in late-gestation lethality of homozygous embryos. Moreover, compared with WT mice, heterozygotes carrying a single disrupted Sar1b allele displayed lower plasma levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol, along with reduced CM secretion following gastric lipid gavage. Similarly, decreased expression of apolipoprotein B and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein was observed in correlation with the accumulation of mucosal lipids. Inefficient fat absorption in heterozygotes was confirmed via an increase in fecal lipid excretion. Furthermore, genetically modified Sar1b affected intestinal lipid homeostasis as demonstrated by enhanced fatty acid β-oxidation and diminished lipogenesis through the modulation of transcription factors. This is the first reported mammalian animal model with human Sar1b genetic defects, which reproduces some of the characteristic CRD features and provides a direct cause-effect demonstration.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03344366
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 7:34:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:28:38 AM

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N. Auclair, A. T. Sané, L. Ahmarani, N. Patey, J. F. Beaulieu, et al.. Sar1b mutant mice recapitulate gastrointestinal abnormalities associated with chylomicron retention disease. Journal of Lipid Research, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2021, 62, pp.100085. ⟨10.1016/j.jlr.2021.100085⟩. ⟨inserm-03344366⟩

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