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Adherence to Adjuvant Tamoxifen in Mexican Young Women with Breast Cancer

Abstract : Background: Breast cancer (BC) in young women is characterized by an unfavorable prognosis in hormone receptor-positive/HER2-negative tumors, which may be explained by low rates of tamoxifen adherence. In Mexico, up to 14% of all BC diagnoses occur in young women and no data on tamoxifen adherence has been reported. Objective: To estimate the rate of adherence to adjuvant tamoxifen in Mexican young women with BC (YWBC). Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the National Cancer Institute in Mexico City, among YWBC (≤40 years at diagnosis) receiving adjuvant tamoxifen. Adherence was measured subjectively, through self-reported surveys, and objectively, through medication possession ratio (MPR). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze sociodemographic characteristics. To compare associations between patients' characteristics and adherence, Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test for quantitative variables. Results: A total of 141 YWBC receiving adjuvant tamoxifen were included. Regarding subjective adherence, 95% expressed taking tamoxifen regularly, 70% reported missing 0 doses in the past 30 days, and 71.6% reported having adverse effects. Regarding objective adherence, 74.8% of patients had an MPR ≥80%. The association between subjective and objective adherence was statistically significant (p = 0.004). Subjective adherence was associated with not skipping tamoxifen doses when feeling worse. Objective adherence was associated with having a stable job, not skipping tamoxifen doses when feeling worse, taking additional medications, and time on tamoxifen treatment. Fifty-six percent considered the information on tamoxifen to be insufficient and 37% not understandable. Conclusion: In our study, high subjective and objective adherence rates to adjuvant tamoxifen were reported, although an important proportion of women reported high rates of adverse effects and not fully understanding the benefits of tamoxifen. Strategies to increase tamoxifen adherence may be even more important now that longer durations of treatment or further ovarian function suppression have become the standard of care in YWBC.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 4:09:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 8, 2022 - 5:38:05 PM


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Bertha Alejandra Martinez-Cannon, Andrea Castro-Sanchez, Regina Barragan-Carrillo, Sylvia de La Rosa Pacheco, Alejandra Platas, et al.. Adherence to Adjuvant Tamoxifen in Mexican Young Women with Breast Cancer. Patient Preference and Adherence, Dovepress, 2021, 15, pp.1039 - 1049. ⟨10.2147/ppa.s296747⟩. ⟨inserm-03342862⟩



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