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Évolution des inégalités sociales de suivi du diabète en région Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur entre 2008 et 2011

Abstract : Background.-Social inequities in healthcare are known to exist for the management of many chronic diseases in France, including diabetes. The recession that began in 2008 has led to increased income disparities but has it also exacerbated health inequities. The aim of this study was to describe trends in inequities in diabetes-related healthcare between 2008 and 2011 in the PACA region (Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur). Methods.-This analysis used two sources of data: the regional national health insurance fund (PACA region) reimbursement database and the socio-demographic databases of the national statistics office (INSEE) for four full years (2008 to 2011). It included individuals who had been reimbursed for three purchases of oral diabetes drugs during the previous year and assessed the association between the median household income (weighted by number and age of household members) of each patient's municipality of residence and seven indicators of diabetes monitoring and care. Using adjusted mixed logistic models, including an interaction term between time (number of years) and the median household income of the municipality, we examined the performance of the indicators for each year. Results.-The total number of patients with diabetes in the 941 municipalities of the PACA region varied by year from 142,055 to 164,929. Models showed that living in a town with a high or intermediate household income was significantly associated with better performance of the seven indicators and that the interaction term was significant for six of them. The effect of the municipal median income decreased significantly between 2008 and 2011 for five indicators: HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol, microalbuminuria, ophthalmoscopy and diabetes specialist visit. Conclusion.-Social inequities in diabetes-related healthcare persisted between 2008 and 2011 but appeared to be decreasing, despite the recession.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 3:41:54 PM
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L Casanova, H Carrier, A Martin de Vidales, S Cortaredona, P Verger. Évolution des inégalités sociales de suivi du diabète en région Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur entre 2008 et 2011. Epidemiology and Public Health = Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 65 (1), pp.29 - 40. ⟨10.1016/j.respe.2016.10.060⟩. ⟨inserm-03342776⟩



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