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Impact du polyhandicap de l’enfant sur les familles à Abidjan

Résumé : Introduction: A child's multiple disabilities have a major impact on families in both developed and developing countries. In Côte d'Ivoire, very few data are available concerning the real experiences of families of children with multiple disabilities. The objective of this study was to improve our knowledge of the impact of children with multiple disabilities on families in Côte d'Ivoire. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted among the families consulting the Child Guidance Centre of the National Institute of Public Health in Abidjan. Data were collected in May 2015 by semi-structured individual interviews with mothers of children with multiple disabilities. Results: Twenty mothers of multiply disabled children between the ages of 2 and 14 years were interviewed. The child's multiple disability was found to have a negative impact on finances, health, and social life. Health check-ups, treatment and transport are the main additional costs. Mothers suffer from insomnia, fatigue, back pain and anxiety and were often held responsible for their child's disability. A disabled child was a source of discord in several couples and a cause of school drop-out in some families.This study partially addresses the experiences of families with children with multiple disabilities. It confirms the results of several other studies, highlighting the vulnerability and social dysfunction of these families. Conclusion: The presence of a child with multiple disabilities in a family is a source of psychological, financial and social upheaval. This study raises questions about the impact of multiple disabilities on the whole family and a more detailed analysis of economic aspects.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 9, 2021 - 4:01:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 21, 2021 - 3:32:21 AM

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Koumé N’dri, Issifou Yaya, Robertine Zigoli, François Endemel Ayabakan, Stéphane Ipou, et al.. Impact du polyhandicap de l’enfant sur les familles à Abidjan. Santé Publique, Société Française de Santé Publique, 2018, 30 (1), pp.135-141. ⟨10.3917/spub.181.0135⟩. ⟨inserm-03339716⟩

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