Morbidité pédiatrique d’un village amérindien en Guyane française (2009–2016) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique Year : 2018

Morbidité pédiatrique d’un village amérindien en Guyane française (2009–2016)

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Abstract

The situation of the Amerindian village of Camopi in French Guiana is particular because of its geographical isolation and its socio-cultural environment. Does this unique context affect the morbidity of the children? This study describes the morbidity of children aged 0-5 years in Camopi. The study population included all the children living in Camopi, born between 01/01/2009 and 31/12/2013. Sociodemographic and medical data were collected from Child Health Record until 05/01/2016, with a maximum of five years. 149 children were included and received 5916 consultations during the period of study. ENT and upper respiratory diseases were the most frequent diseases that were followed by digestive disorders. Lower respiratory conditions were the leading cause of hospitalization. Tropical diseases were rare. Antibiotics were delivered in 32.5% of the consultations. The vaccination coverage exceeded 95% for BCG, DTP, HBVand yellow fever, remove than that of MMR which was little lower (89.9%) and only 4 children were vaccinated against pneumococcus. Despite the Amazonian context, the morbidity of Camopi's children mainly includes classic disorders. Traumas seem uncommon but can be violent. Facilitating access to rapid diagnostic tests, setting up protocols, and training staff could reduce the prescription of antibiotics.
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inserm-03338407 , version 1 (08-09-2021)

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C Potentier, E Martin, P Brousse, E Mosnier, F Henaff, et al.. Morbidité pédiatrique d’un village amérindien en Guyane française (2009–2016). Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 2018, 111 (3), pp.167 - 175. ⟨10.3166/bspe-2018-0036⟩. ⟨inserm-03338407⟩

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