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Predictors of Outcome After Mechanical Thrombectomy in Stroke Patients Aged ≥85 Years

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in elderly stroke patients remains debated. We aimed to describe outcomes and their predictors in a cohort of patients aged ≥ 85 years treated with MT. METHODS: Data from consecutive patients aged ≥ 85 years undergoing MT at two stroke centers between January 2016 and November 2019 were reviewed. Admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), pre-stroke, and 3-month modified Rankin scale (mRS) were collected. Successful recanalization was defined as modified thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia score ≥ 2b. Good outcome was defined as mRS 0-3 or equal to pre-stroke mRS at 3 months. RESULTS: Of 151 included patients, successful recanalization was achieved in 74.2%. At 3 months, 44.7% of patients had a good outcome and 39% had died. Any intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and symptomatic ICH occurred in 20.3% and 3.6%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis identified lower pre-stroke mRS score (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.52; 95% CI, 0.36-0.76), lower admission NIHSS score (aOR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.83-0.97), successful recanalization (aOR, 3.65; 95% CI, 1.32-10.09), and absence of ICH on follow-up imaging (aOR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.08-0.75), to be independent predictors of good outcome. Patients with successful recanalization had a higher proportion of good outcome (45.3% vs 34.3%, p = 0.013) and lower mortality at 3 months (35.8% vs 48.6%, p = 0.006) compared to patients with unsuccessful recanalization. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients aged ≥ 85 years, successful recanalization with MT is relatively common and associated with better 3-month outcome and lower mortality than failed recanalization. Attempting to achieve recanalization in elderly patients using MT appears reasonable.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 7:40:02 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 3:41:57 AM

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L. Derex, J. Haesebaert, C. Odier, W. Alesefir, y. Berthezene, et al.. Predictors of Outcome After Mechanical Thrombectomy in Stroke Patients Aged ≥85 Years. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2021, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1017/cjn.2021.37⟩. ⟨inserm-03337428⟩



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