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Early remodeling of the colonic mucosa after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation: An open‐label controlled pilot study on 19 patients

Abstract : Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), particularly acute digestive GVHD (aDGVHD), is a severe complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). It is necessary to identify predictive factors of GVHD to adapt prophylactic treatment. Objective: In this context, our pilot study aimed (i) to determine whether an early remodeling of the colonic mucosa occurred after allo-HSCT and (ii) to identify potential predictive mucosal markers of aDGVHD after allo-HSCT. Methods: Between day 21 and day 28 after the allo-HSCT, 19 allo-HSCT patients were included and had a rectosigmoidoscopy with probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) recording and biopsies. Sixteen patients were included in the control group. Morphological (pCLE), functional (intestinal permeability), and inflammatory parameters (cytokine multiplex immunoassay) were assessed. Results: Among allo-HSCT patients, 11 patients developed GVHD, and 6 of them developed aDGVHD. Morphological and functional changes of the colonic mucosa occurred after allo-HSCT. Indeed, the perimeter of colonic crypts was significantly increased in allo-HSCT patients compared to controls as well as crypt lumen fluorescein leakage (53% vs. 9%), whereas crypts sphericity, roundness, Feret diameter, and mean vessel area were significantly decreased in allo-HSCT patients compared to the control group. In addition, interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-33, and IL-15 levels in the supernatants of 24 h explant cultures of colonic biopsies were significantly increased in allo-HSCT patients compared to controls. Finally, there was no difference in pCLE parameters, intestinal permeability, and inflammatory cytokines between patients who developed aDGVHD and those who did not. Conclusion: This pilot study identified early colonic mucosa remodeling after allo-HSCT conditioning therapy, that is morphological and functional mucosal alterations as well as mucosal inflammation. As to whether these changes are first steps in GVHD initiation and could be considered as predictive biomarkers of aDGVHD need to be determined in a larger cohort of patients.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03335641
Contributor : Elizabeth Bernardo <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 6, 2021 - 1:42:36 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:30:33 AM

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Emmanuel Coron, Elise Esnaud, Patrice Chevallier, Anne Bessard, Enrique Perez Cuadrado‐robles, et al.. Early remodeling of the colonic mucosa after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation: An open‐label controlled pilot study on 19 patients. United European Gastroenterology Journal, SAGE Publications, 2021, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1002/ueg2.12128⟩. ⟨inserm-03335641⟩

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