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Barriers and facilitators in cervical cancer screening uptake in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire in 2018: a cross-sectional study

Abstract : Backgrounds: Cervical cancer (CC) incidence remains unacceptably high in Côte d'Ivoire. In an effort to prevent this malignant condition, a national CC screening program has been scaled up in the country. This study aimed at assessing CC screening uptake and its associated factors in Abidjan in 2018. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from July to September 2018 in the main healthcare facilities of three randomly selected out of the eight health districts of Abidjan. During the study period, a standardized questionnaire was administrated by research assistants to all women aged 25 to 55 years old, attending the three participating facilities. Demographics, knowledge on CC, personal history of CC screening and reasons for not attending CC screening were collected. A logistic regression model was computed to document factors associated with reported CC screening uptake. Results: A total of 1158 women with a median age of 32 years (IQR [27-36]), including 364 (31.4%) with no formal education were included. Of those participants, 786 (67.9%) had ever heard about CC. CC screening uptake at least once was reported by 7.5% [95% CI: 6.0-9.0] participants. In multivariable analysis, being ≥45 years (aOR: 6.2 [2.3-17.2]), having a university level (aOR: 2.8 [1.2-6.6]) (versus non formal education) and access to mass campaign information (aOR: 18.2 [8.5-39.1]) were associated with a reported CC screening uptake. The main reported barriers to CC screening were unawareness towards CC screening (75.5%), negligence (20.5%), fear of CC detection (3.9%) and fear of additional costs (3.3%). Conclusion: CC screening uptake remains low despite current initiatives to support awareness and prevention in Abidjan. Awareness campaigns need to be massively increased with the adjunction of tailored messages based on the level of women's education to enhance the CC screening coverage and reach the WHO goal of CC elimination by 2030.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03330773
Contributor : Odile Malbec Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 1, 2021 - 11:22:16 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:50:42 AM

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Simon Boni, Franck Gnahatin, Jean-Claude Comoé, Boris Tchounga, Didier Ekouevi, et al.. Barriers and facilitators in cervical cancer screening uptake in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire in 2018: a cross-sectional study. BMC Cancer, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.952. ⟨10.1186/s12885-021-08650-6⟩. ⟨inserm-03330773⟩

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