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Quality of life of adult Fontan patients

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Progress in the management of complex congenital heart disease (CHD) led to an improvement in survival rates of adults with a Fontan-like circulation. The objective of this study was to assess the subjective health status and quality of life of this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients aged more than 18 years at the time of the study, who underwent a Fontan-like procedure. Subjective health status was assessed by the SF-36 questionnaire and a linear analog scale was used to score patients' self-perception of their quality of life; cardiac and demographic parameters were collected. RESULTS: Among 65 eligible patients, 60 (23 females; mean ± SD age: 25.7 ± 7.2 years) answered the SF-36 questionnaire and 46 of these were interviewed to evaluate their perceived quality of life. Among them, 20 (33.3%) were working full-time and 21 (35%) experienced arrhythmias. The physical SF-36 scores were lower in patients than in the general population (p ≤ 0.05). The New York Hear Association (NYHA) class and occupation were correlated with SF-36 scores of physical activity (respectively, p = 0.0001 and p = 0.025). SF-36 scores of psychological status were associated with the number of drugs and occupation (respectively, p = 0.0001 and p = 0.02). The mean ± SD quality of life score measured using a linear analog scale was 7.02 ± 1.6 and was linked to education and occupation (p ≤ 0.05) but not with cardiac parameters. CONCLUSION: Adult Fontan patients perceive an impaired physical health but report a good overall quality of life. Education and occupation impacts significantly on Fontan patients' quality of life.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 1:42:49 PM
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A. Soufi, M. Gouton, O. Metton, J. Mitchell, y. F. Bernard, et al.. Quality of life of adult Fontan patients. Cardiology in the Young, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2021, 31 (1), pp.97-104. ⟨10.1017/s1047951120003431⟩. ⟨inserm-03327675⟩



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