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Stroke patients' support: evaluation of knowledge, practices and training needs of French community pharmacists

Abstract : Background Stroke represents a major Public Health issue in industrialized countries because of its frequency and severity. In secondary stroke prevention, treatment efficacy is correlated to medication adherence. However, it remains suboptimal in stroke patients. Community pharmacists, in light of their positioning in the care pathway and proximity to patients, can play an essential role in patient support and improving treatment adherence. However, it is currently unknown whether pharmacists are ready to perform this task. Objective Evaluate knowledge, practices and training needs for community pharmacists in therapeutic stroke management to improve long term care for stroke patients. Setting Community pharmacies in the Rhone Alpes region (France). Method We conducted a cross sectional study via a standardized self-assessment questionnaire consisting of 40 questions divided into three parts. The latter was designed by a multidisciplinary team and distributed electronically to community pharmacists of the Rhône-Alpes region (France). Main outcome measure (a) global knowledge score on the pathology, risk factors and clinical care management, (b) description of the support practices for stroke patients, (c) training needs for pharmacists. Results The 104 participants presented a moderate level of knowledge (global score: 12/20 ± 3). Topics best mastered were: pathophysiology, target blood pressure and place of antiplatelets in the therapeutic strategy. Knowledge items that needed improvement were: warning signs correctly identified by 44% of participants, time delay for thrombolysis for which 14% answered correctly, target glycated hemoglobin levels were correct for 41%, and the 3 recommended antihypertensive drug classes were only identified by 5% of participants. Patient education received from pharmacists concerned dosage (89%), treatment adherence (88%), benefits (66%) and administration modalities of medicines (64%), management of risk factors (75% for diet, 73% for physical activity, 70% for smoking and 53% for alcohol). All pharmacists wanted additional training on risk factors and clinical management guidelines. Conclusion Based on this small study, the fragmented knowledge and varied practices promote the need for further training for pharmacists to optimize support of stroke patients. This study promotes the elaboration of training systems adapted to pharmacists' needs. This will help support the development of a targeted pharmaceutical care approach for stroke patients.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 1:42:44 PM
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S. Khettar, M. Viprey, J. Haesebaert, S. Jacquin-Courtois, J. Luaute, et al.. Stroke patients' support: evaluation of knowledge, practices and training needs of French community pharmacists. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, Springer Netherlands, 2021, 43 (4), pp.980-989. ⟨10.1007/s11096-020-01204-z⟩. ⟨inserm-03327673⟩



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