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In vivo remodeling of human cell-assembled extracellular matrix yarns

Abstract : Cell-assembled extracellular matrix (CAM) has been used to produce vascular grafts. While these completely biological vascular grafts performed well in clinical trials, the in vivo remodeling and inflammatory response of this truly "bio" material has not yet been investigated. In this study, human CAM yarns were implanted subcutaneously in nude rats to investigate the innate immune response to this matrix. The impact of processing steps relevant to yarn manufacturing was evaluated (devitalization, decellularization, gamma sterilization, and twisting). We observed that yarns were still present after six months, and were integrated into a non-inflamed loose connective tissue. The CAM was repopulated by fibroblastic cells and blood vessels. While other yarns caused minor peripheral inflammation at an early stage (two weeks of implantation), gamma sterilization triggered a more intense host response dominated by the presence of M1 macrophages. The inflammatory response was resolved at six months. Yarn mechanical strength was decreased two weeks after implantation except for the more compact "twisted" yarn. While the strength of other yarns was stable after initial remodeling, the gammasterilized yarn continued to lose mechanical strength over time and was weaker than devitalized (control) yarns at six months. This is the first study to formally demonstrate that devitalized human CAM is very long-lived in vivo and does not trigger a degradative response, but rather is very slowly remodeled. This data supports a strategy to produce human textiles from CAM yarn for regenerative medicine applications where a scaffold with low inflammation and long-term mechanical properties are critical.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03324989
Contributor : Olivier Chassande <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 24, 2021 - 11:30:15 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 3:27:02 AM

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Laure Magnan, Fabien Kawecki, Gaëlle Labrunie, Maude Gluais, Julien Izotte, et al.. In vivo remodeling of human cell-assembled extracellular matrix yarns. Biomaterials, Elsevier, 2021, 273, pp.120815. ⟨10.1016/j.biomaterials.2021.120815⟩. ⟨inserm-03324989⟩

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