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Upfront F18-choline PET/CT versus Tc99m-sestaMIBI SPECT/CT guided surgery in primary hyperparathyroidism: the randomized phase III diagnostic trial APACH2

Abstract : Background: The common endocrine disorder primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) can be cured by surgery. Preoperative localization of parathyroid adenoma (PTA) by imaging is a prerequisite for outpatient minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). Compared to inpatient bilateral cervical exploration (BCE) which is performed if imaging is inconclusive, MIP is superior in terms of cure and complication rates and less costly. The imaging procedure F18-choline (FCH) PET/CT outperforms Tc99m-sestaMIBI (MIBI) SPECT/CT for PTA localization, but it is much costlier. The aim of this study is to identify the most efficient first-line imaging modality for optimal patient care in PHPT without added cost to society. Methods: We will conduct a multicenter open diagnostic intervention randomized phase III trial comparing two diagnostic strategies in patients with PHPT: upfront FCH PET/CT versus MIBI SPECT/CT. The primary endpoint is the proportion of patients in whom the first-line imaging method results in successful MIP and cure. Follow-up including biological tests will be performed 1 and 6 months after surgery. The main secondary endpoint is the social cost of both strategies. Other secondary endpoints are as follows: FCH PET/CT and MIBI SPECT/CT diagnostic performance, performance of surgical procedure and complication rate, FCH PET/CT inter- and intra-observer variability and optimization of FCH PET/CT procedure. Fifty-eight patients will be enrolled and randomized 1:1. Discussion: FCH PET/CT is a highly efficient but expensive imaging test for preoperative PTA localization and costs three to four times more than MIBI SPECT/CT. Whether FCH PET/CT improves patient outcomes compared to the reference standard MIBI SPECT/CT is unknown. To justify its added cost, FCH PET/CT-guided parathyroid surgery should lead to improved patient management, resulting in higher cure rates and fewer BCEs and surgical complications. In the previous phase II APACH1 study, we showed that second-line FCH PET/CT led to a cure in 88% of patients with negative or inconclusive MIBI SPECT/CT. BCE could be avoided in 75% of patients and surgical complication rates were low. We therefore hypothesize that upfront FCH PET/CT would improve patient care in PHPT and that the reduction in clinical costs would offset the increase in imaging costs.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03313778
Contributor : Odile Malbec <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 4, 2021 - 4:15:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:32:52 AM

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Elske Quak, Audrey Lasne Cardon, Renaud Ciappuccini, Charline Lasnon, Vianney Bastit, et al.. Upfront F18-choline PET/CT versus Tc99m-sestaMIBI SPECT/CT guided surgery in primary hyperparathyroidism: the randomized phase III diagnostic trial APACH2. BMC Endocrine Disorders, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.3. ⟨10.1186/s12902-020-00667-5⟩. ⟨inserm-03313778⟩

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