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Symptoms of anxiety/depression during the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown in the community: longitudinal data from the TEMPO cohort in France

Abstract : Background: To cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing restrictions where implemented in France, which could have led to social isolation. This is expected to have affected the mental health situation, including increasing risk of symptoms of anxiety and depression in the general population. Persons with prior mental health difficulties could be an especially vulnerable group, however, few studies have tested this empirically considering preexisting mental health difficulties. We examine the association between preexisting symptoms of anxiety/ depression and anxiety/depression during lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic in a longitudinal community sample. Methods: A longitudinal follow-up during lockdown (data collection March-June 2020) was implemented among participants of the TEMPO cohort. Prior knowledge of anxiety/depression was included from prior waves of data collection. Generalized estimation equations models were used to estimate the association between preexisting symptoms of anxiety/depression and symptoms of anxiety/depression during lockdown among 662 mid-aged individuals. Results: Individuals with symptoms of anxiety/depression measured prior to lockdown had 6.73 higher odds [95% CI = 4.45-10.17] of symptoms of anxiety/depression during lockdown. Additionally, the likelihood of symptoms of anxiety/depression during lockdown was elevated among women (OR = 2.07 [95% CI = 1.32-3.25]), subjects with low household income (OR = 2.28 [1.29-4.01]) and persons who reported being lonely (OR = 3.94 [95% CI = 2.47-6.28]). Conclusions: Our study underlines the role of preexisting symptoms of anxiety/depression as a vulnerability factor of anxiety/depression during lockdown. Interventions focusing on individuals with mental health difficulties as well as people feeling lonely should be considered, to reduce the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03310537
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Submitted on : Friday, July 30, 2021 - 2:55:00 PM
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Astrid Andersen, Murielle Mary-Krause, Joel Bustamante, Mégane Héron, Tarik El Aarbaoui, et al.. Symptoms of anxiety/depression during the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown in the community: longitudinal data from the TEMPO cohort in France. BMC Psychiatry, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.381. ⟨10.1186/s12888-021-03383-z⟩. ⟨inserm-03310537⟩

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