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The Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-Anchored Superoxide Dismutase of Scedosporium apiospermum Protects the Conidia from Oxidative Stress

Abstract : Scedosporium species are common fungal pathogens in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). To colonize the CF lungs, fungi must cope with the host immune response, especially the reactive oxygen species (ROS) released by phagocytic cells. To this aim, pathogens have developed various antioxidant systems, including superoxide dismutases (SODs) which constitute the first-line protection against oxidative stress. Interestingly, one of the S. apiospermum SOD-encoding genes (SODD gene) exhibits a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor-binding site and encodes a conidial-specific surface SOD. In this study, a SODDD mutant was engineered from a non-homologous end joining-deficient strain (KU70D) of S. apiospermum. Compared to its parent strain, the double mutant KU70D/SODDD exhibited increased susceptibility to various oxidizing agents and triazole antifungals. In addition, the loss of SodD resulted in an increased intracellular killing of the conidia by M1 macrophages derived from human blood monocytes, suggesting the involvement of this superoxide dismutase in the evasion to the host defenses. Nevertheless, one cannot disregard an indirect role of the enzyme in the synthesis or assembly of the cell wall components since transmission electron microscopic analysis revealed a thickening of the inner cell wall layer of the conidia. Further studies are needed to confirm the role of this enzyme in the pathogenesis of Scedosporium infections, including the production of a recombinant protein and study of its protective effect against the infection in a mouse model of scedosporiosis.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03309902
Contributor : Elizabeth Bernardo <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 30, 2021 - 11:49:51 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 9, 2021 - 11:48:07 AM

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Cindy Staerck, Hajar Yaakoub, Patrick Vandeputte, Julie Tabiasco, Charlotte Godon, et al.. The Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-Anchored Superoxide Dismutase of Scedosporium apiospermum Protects the Conidia from Oxidative Stress. Journal of Fungi, MDPI, 2021, 7, pp.575. ⟨10.3390/jof7070575⟩. ⟨inserm-03309902⟩

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