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Sleep disorders in a sample of Lebanese children: the role of parental mental health and child nutrition and activity

Abstract : Background: Sleep habits are an important component of a child's health and it is affected by parent-child relationship. Also, child's diet and nutrition appear to be an important factor affecting sleep health. Few studies have addressed the effect of parental emotional disturbance that can leave on children's sleep. Therefore, the objective of our study was to assess the prevalence of sleep disorders in pre-and school-aged children and evaluate its relation with parental mental health and child's nutrition and activity. Methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted between October 2020 and January 2021, which enrolled 402 Lebanese parents from all over Lebanon. The questionnaire was distributed online using the snowball technique. The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) was used to assess pediatric sleep behaviors and the Family Nutrition and physical activity questionnaire was used to assess parental behaviors that might predispose children for obesity. Results: A total of 76 (19%) children had sleep disorders (PSQ scores of 8 or more). The multivariable analysis showed that higher paternal depression (Beta = 0.079, p = 0.010), maternal depression (Beta = 0.089, p = 0.001) and higher anxiety in the father (Beta = 0.064, p = 0.021) were significantly associated with higher PSQ scores (worse sleep) in the child. Higher Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Screening Tool scores in the child (Beta =-0.161, p < 0.001) was significantly associated with lower PSQ scores (better sleep). Conclusion: Paternal anxiety and depression, as well as maternal depression, were factors associated with children's sleeping disorders. Future studies are needed to assess parental influence on child's development.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 12:02:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 1:31:14 AM
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Elsa Sfeir, Chadia Haddad, Marwan Akel, Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid. Sleep disorders in a sample of Lebanese children: the role of parental mental health and child nutrition and activity. BMC Pediatrics, BioMed Central, 2021, 21, pp.324. ⟨10.1186/s12887-021-02795-w⟩. ⟨inserm-03306839⟩



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