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Laparoscopic perineal hernia repair following pelvic exenteration: a case report

Abstract : Background: Acquired perineal hernia is a rare complication following extensive pelvic surgery. Radiotherapy is also a predisposing factor. Perineal hernia can cause chronic perineal pain, bowel obstruction, urinary disorders and a cosmetically disfiguring defect. The treatment of perineal hernia is surgical, usually consisting of mesh repair via an abdominal or perineal approach. Case presentation: We present a case report and a surgical video of a 42-year-old woman with history of a squamous cell carcinoma. This patient had 3 recurrences since the diagnosis and a symptomatic perineal hernia. Complete regression of the recurrent malignancy allowed us to treat the perineal hernia. We performed laparoscopic repair with prosthetic mesh in this patient who had undergone multiple surgeries and radiotherapy, while preserving the omental flap that was used to reconstruct the posterior part of the vagina. Conclusion: There is no consensus concerning the preferred surgical approach, perineal or laparoscopic, as no study has demonstrated the superiority of either of these approaches. Laparoscopic repair for an acquired perineal hernia is safe and feasible. However, further studies including randomized trials are required to precisely evaluate the best surgical approach and type of mesh.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 11:26:40 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 9:16:41 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, October 30, 2021 - 6:16:14 PM


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Méryl Dahan, David Krief, Nicolas Pouget, Roman Rouzier. Laparoscopic perineal hernia repair following pelvic exenteration: a case report. BMC Surgery, BioMed Central, 2021, 21, pp.245. ⟨10.1186/s12893-021-01237-9⟩. ⟨inserm-03306591⟩



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