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Cutting Edge: Killer Ig-Like Receptors Mediate “Missing Self” Recognition In Vivo

Abstract : Although it is well established that human NK cells are able to detect the absence of autologous HLA class I in vitro by virtue of inhibitory killer Ig-like receptors (KIR), direct evidence that KIR can mediate "missing self" recognition in vivo is lacking. To test this, we generated mice transgenic for a human KIR B-haplotype and HLA-Cw3 on a C57BL/6 background. NK cells in these mice expressed multiple KIR in a stochastic manner, including the HLA-Cw3-specific inhibitory receptor KIR2DL2. KIR and HLA transgenic mice rejected wild-type C57BL/6 spleen cells upon i.v. injection. This rejection was dependent on the presence of the KIR transgene in the host and on the absence of HLA-Cw3 from the injected target cells. Hence, the KIR transgene mediated "missing self" recognition in vivo. We anticipate that this KIR and HLA transgenic mouse will help shed light on KIR and HLA effects in disease and transplantation.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03291392
Contributor : Christelle Retiere <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 5:18:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 3:24:11 AM

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Jeroen van Bergen, Allan Thompson, Christelle Retiere, John Trowsdale, Frits Koning. Cutting Edge: Killer Ig-Like Receptors Mediate “Missing Self” Recognition In Vivo. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2009, 182 (5), pp.2569 - 2572. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.0804042⟩. ⟨inserm-03291392⟩

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