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Growth Phase-dependent Expression of ICAD-L/DFF45 Modulates the Pattern of Apoptosis in Human Colonic Cancer Cells 1

Abstract : The inhibitor of caspase-3-activated DNase (ICAD) is a caspase-3 substrate that controls nuclear apoptosis. ICAD has two isoforms: a functional isoform of M r 45,000, ICAD-L/DNA fragmentation factor (DFF) 45; and a M r 35,000 isoform, ICAD-S/DFF35. ICAD-deficient murine cells display resistance to apoptotic stimuli and absence of typical nuclear changes of apoptosis. Our aim was to: (a) characterize the ICAD expression in several human colonic cancer cell lines compared with human normal colonocytes; and (b) correlate the phenotypic features of apoptosis to the level of ICAD expression. ICAD expression was assessed by immunoblot analysis. Early markers of apoptosis of cultured cells included lactate dehydrogenase retention in dying cells, cytokeratin 18 cleavage, and caspase-3 activation. Nuclear markers of apoptosis were assessed by Hoechst staining of nuclei, electron microscopy, and DNA electrophoresis. Inhibition of caspases was performed using a broad-spectrum caspase inhibitor, z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone. ICAD expression was restricted to the functional ICAD-L/DFF45 isoform in colonic cancer cells as well as in human normal colonocytes. In a clonal derivative of HT29 cells (HT29-Cl.16E cells), ICAD expression was found to be down-regulated during the exponential phase of growth, and the cell death triggered by IFN-␥, anti-Fas antibody plus Adriamycin was characterized by the expression of early markers of apoptosis, whereas the key nuclear features of apoptosis were absent. In contrast, exposure of confluent cells to this treatment led to a typical apoptotic nuclear fragmentation. Both forms of apoptosis, in exponentially growing and confluent cells, were sensitive to the broad spectrum inhibitor of caspases, z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone. Our findings support the concept that the expression of ICAD is essential to the execution of full-blown apoptosis in colonic cancer cells. Altogether, our results point to ICAD as a potential target for restoring a normal apoptotic signal transduction pathway in colonic cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell Lines. The colonic cancer cell lines SW480, SW1116, SW620, and Caco-2 were purchased from American Type Culture Collection (Rockville,
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03290772
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Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 2:50:40 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 3:24:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : inserm-03290772, version 1

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Laetitia Charrier, Anne Jarry, Claire Toquet, Chantal Bou-Hanna, Marie Chedorge, et al.. Growth Phase-dependent Expression of ICAD-L/DFF45 Modulates the Pattern of Apoptosis in Human Colonic Cancer Cells 1. Cancer Research, American Association for Cancer Research, 2002, 62, pp.2169 -2174. ⟨inserm-03290772⟩

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