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Haploinsufficiency of the Sin3/HDAC corepressor complex member SIN3B causes a syndromic intellectual disability/autism spectrum disorder

Xenia Latypova 1, 2, 3 Marie Vincent 1, 3 Alice Mollé 1, 4 Oluwadamilare Adebambo 2 Cynthia Fourgeux 4 Tahir Khan 2 Alfonso Caro 5 Monica Rosello 5 Carmen Orellana 5 Dmitriy Niyazov 6 Damien Lederer 7 Marie Deprez Yline Capri 8 Peter Kannu 9 Anne Tabet 8 Jonathan Levy 8 Emmelien Aten 10 Nicolette den Hollander 10 Miranda Splitt 11 Jagdeep Walia 12 Ladonna Immken 13 Pawel Stankiewicz 14 Kirsty Mcwalter 15 Sharon Suchy 15 Raymond Louie 16 Shannon Bell 16 Roger Stevenson 16 Justine Rousseau 17 Catherine Willem 18 Christelle Retiere 19, 18, 20 Xiang-Jiao Yang 21 Philippe Campeau 17 Francisco Martinez 5 Jill Rosenfeld 14 Cédric Le Caignec 3 Sébastien Küry 3 Sandra Mercier 3 Kamran Moradkhani 1 Solène Conrad 1 Thomas Besnard 3 Benjamin Cogné 3 Nicholas Katsanis 22 Stéphane Bézieau 3 Jeremie Poschmann 4 Erica Davis 22, 23 Bertrand Isidor 3
Abstract : Proteins involved in transcriptional regulation harbor a demonstrated enrichment of mutations in neurodevelopmental disorders. The Sin3 (Swi-independent 3)/histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex plays a central role in histone deacetylation and transcriptional repression. Among the two vertebrate paralogs encoding the Sin3 complex, SIN3A variants cause syndromic intellectual disability, but the clinical consequences of SIN3B haploinsufficiency in humans are uncharacterized. Here, we describe a syndrome hallmarked by intellectual disability, developmental delay, and dysmorphic facial features with variably penetrant autism spectrum disorder, congenital malformations, corpus callosum defects, and impaired growth caused by disruptive SIN3B variants. Using chromosomal microarray or exome sequencing, and through international data sharing efforts, we identified nine individuals with heterozygous SIN3B deletion or single-nucleotide variants. Five individuals harbor heterozygous deletions encompassing SIN3B that reside within a $230 kb minimal region of overlap on 19p13.11, two individuals have a rare nonsynonymous substitution, and two individuals have a single-nucleotide deletion that results in a frameshift and predicted premature termination codon. To test the relevance of SIN3B impairment to measurable aspects of the human phenotype, we disrupted the orthologous zebrafish locus by genome editing and transient suppression. The mutant and morphant larvae display altered craniofacial patterning, commissural axon defects, and reduced body length supportive of an essential role for Sin3 function in growth and patterning of anterior structures. To investigate further the molecular consequences of SIN3B variants, we quantified genome-wide enhancer and promoter activity states by using H3K27ac ChIP-seq. We show that, similar to SIN3A mutations, SIN3B disruption causes hyperacetylation of a subset of enhancers and promoters in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Together, these data demonstrate that SIN3B haploinsufficiency leads to a hitherto unknown intellectual disability/autism syndrome, uncover a crucial role of SIN3B in the central nervous system, and define the epigenetic landscape associated with Sin3 complex impairment.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03290535
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Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 1:28:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:19:34 AM
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Xenia Latypova, Marie Vincent, Alice Mollé, Oluwadamilare Adebambo, Cynthia Fourgeux, et al.. Haploinsufficiency of the Sin3/HDAC corepressor complex member SIN3B causes a syndromic intellectual disability/autism spectrum disorder. American Journal of Human Genetics, Elsevier (Cell Press), 2021, 108 (5), pp.929 - 941. ⟨10.1016/j.ajhg.2021.03.017⟩. ⟨inserm-03290535⟩

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