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Perfusion imaging and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke with large core

Abstract : Objective: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is not recommended for acute stroke with large vessel occlusion (LVO) and a large volume of irreversibly injured tissue (“core”). Perfusion imaging may identify a subset of patients with large core who benefit from MT. Methods: We compared two cohorts of LVO-related patients with large core (>50 ml on diffusion-weighted-imaging or CT-perfusion using RAPID), available perfusion imaging, and treated within 6 hrs from onset by either MT + Best Medical Management (BMM) in one prospective study, or BMM alone in the pre-MT era from a prospective registry. Primary outcome was 90-day modified Rankin Scale≤2. We searched for an interaction between treatment group and amount of penumbra as estimated by the mismatch ratio (MMRatio = critical hypoperfusion/core volume). Results: Overall, 107 patients were included (56 MT + BMM + 51 BMM): Mean age was 68 ± 15 yrs, median core volume 99 ml (IQR: 72-131) and MMRatio 1.4 (IQR: 1.0-1.9). Baseline clinical and radiological variables were similar between the 2 groups, except for a higher intravenous thrombolysis rate in the BMM group. The MMRatio strongly modified the clinical outcome following MT (Pinteraction < 0.001 for continuous MMRatio); MT was associated with a higher rate of good outcome in patients with, but not in those without, MMRatio>1.2 (adjusted OR [95%CI] = 6.8 [1.7-27.0] vs. 0.7 [0.1-6.2], respectively). Similar findings were present for MMRatio≥1.8 in the subgroup with core≥70 ml. Parenchymal hemorrhage on follow-up imaging was more frequent in the MT + BMM group regardless of the MMRatio. Interpretation: Perfusion imaging may help select which patients with large core should be considered for MT. Randomized studies are warranted. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 16, 2021 - 9:23:08 AM
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Seners et al Ann Neurol. 2021....
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Pierre Seners, Catherine Oppenheim, Guillaume Turc, Jean- François Albucher, Adrien Guenego, et al.. Perfusion imaging and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke with large core. Annals of Neurology, Wiley, 2021, Online ahead of print. ⟨10.1002/ana.26152⟩. ⟨inserm-03287979⟩



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