The Caspase-1/IL-18 Axis of the Inflammasome in Tumor Cells: A Modulator of the Th1/Tc1 Response of Tumor-Infiltrating T Lymphocytes in Colorectal Cancer - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2021

The Caspase-1/IL-18 Axis of the Inflammasome in Tumor Cells: A Modulator of the Th1/Tc1 Response of Tumor-Infiltrating T Lymphocytes in Colorectal Cancer

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Camille Brochier
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  • PersonId : 1105540

Abstract

In colorectal cancer (CRC), a high density of T lymphocytes represents a strong prognostic marker in subtypes of CRC. Optimized immunotherapy strategies to boost this T-cell response are still needed. A good candidate is the inflammasome pathway, an emerging player in cancer immunology that bridges innate and adaptive immunity. Its effector protein caspase-1 matures IL-18 that can promote a T-helper/cytotoxic (Th1/Tc1) response. It is still unknown whether tumor cells from CRC possess a functional caspase-1/IL-18 axis that could modulate the Th1/Tc1 response. We used two independent cohorts of CRC patients to assess IL-18 and caspase-1 expression by tumor cells in relation to the density of TILs and the microsatellite status of CRC. Functional and multiparametric approaches at the protein and mRNA levels were performed on an ex vivo CRC explant culture model. We show that, in the majority of CRCs, tumor cells display an activated and functional caspase-1/IL-18 axis that contributes to drive a Th1/Tc1 response elicited by TILs expressing IL-18Rα. Furthermore, unsupervised clustering identified three clusters of CRCs according to the caspase-1/IL-18/TIL density/interferon gamma (IFNγ) axis and microsatellite status. Together, our results strongly suggest that targeting the caspase-1/IL-18 axis can improve the anti-tumor immune response in subgroups of CRC.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03287920 , version 1 (16-07-2021)

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Linda Bilonda Mutala, Cécile Deleine, Matilde Karakachoff, Delphine Dansette, Kathleen Ducoin, et al.. The Caspase-1/IL-18 Axis of the Inflammasome in Tumor Cells: A Modulator of the Th1/Tc1 Response of Tumor-Infiltrating T Lymphocytes in Colorectal Cancer. Cancers, 2021, 13 (2), pp.189. ⟨10.3390/cancers13020189⟩. ⟨inserm-03287920⟩
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