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Predictors of early postoperative epileptic seizures after awake surgery in supratentorial diffuse gliomas

Abstract : Objective: Functional-based resection under awake conditions had been associated with a nonnegligible rate of intraoperative and postoperative epileptic seizures. The authors assessed the incidence of intraoperative and early postoperative epileptic seizures after functional-based resection under awake conditions. Methods: The authors prospectively assessed intraoperative and postoperative seizures (within 1 month) together with clinical, imaging, surgical, histopathological, and follow-up data for 202 consecutive diffuse glioma adult patients who underwent a functional-based resection under awake conditions. Results: Intraoperative seizures occurred in 3.5% of patients during cortical stimulation; all resolved without any procedure being discontinued. No predictor of intraoperative seizures was identified. Early postoperative seizures occurred in 7.9% of patients at a mean of 5.1 ± 2.9 days. They increased the duration of hospital stay (p = 0.018), did not impact the 6-month (median 95 vs 100, p = 0.740) or the 2-year (median 100 vs 100, p = 0.243) postoperative Karnofsky Performance Status score and did not impact the 6-month (100% vs 91.4%, p = 0.252) or the 2-year (91.7 vs 89.4%, p = 0.857) postoperative seizure control. The time to treatment of at least 3 months (adjusted OR [aOR] 4.76 [95% CI 1.38-16.36], p = 0.013), frontal lobe involvement (aOR 4.88 [95% CI 1.25-19.03], p = 0.023), current intensity for intraoperative mapping of at least 3 mA (aOR 4.11 [95% CI 1.17-14.49], p = 0.028), and supratotal resection (aOR 6.24 [95% CI 1.43-27.29], p = 0.015) were independently associated with early postoperative seizures. Conclusions: Functional-based resection under awake conditions can be safely performed with a very low rate of intraoperative and early postoperative seizures and good 6-month and 2-year postoperative seizure outcomes. Intraoperatively, the use of the lowest current threshold producing reproducible responses is mandatory to reduce seizure occurrence intraoperatively and in the early postoperative period.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03279611
Contributor : Clara Martinez Rico <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 3:51:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 3:52:07 PM

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Marc Zanello, Alexandre Roux, Gilles Zah-Bi, Bénédicte Trancart, Eduardo Parraga, et al.. Predictors of early postoperative epileptic seizures after awake surgery in supratentorial diffuse gliomas. Journal of Neurosurgery, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2020, 134 (3), pp.683 - 692. ⟨10.3171/2020.1.jns192774⟩. ⟨inserm-03279611⟩

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