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Prognostic relevance of adding MRI data to WHO 2016 and cIMPACT‐NOW updates for diffuse astrocytic tumors in adults. Working toward the extended use of MRI data in integrated glioma diagnosis

Abstract : Assess the contribution of preoperative MRI data in improving grading of adult astrocytomas reclassified according to the WHO 2016 and cIMPACT-NOW update 3. Retrospective unicentric cohort study of 679 adult patients treated for newly diagnosed diffuse astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors (January 2006-December 2016). We first systematically compared radiological (contrast enhancement present [CE+] vs. absent [CE-]) and histopathological findings (microvascular proliferation present [MPV+] vs. absent [MPV-]) to validate whether this comparing step of neoangiogenesis represents an efficient method to appreciate the representativity of the tumoral sampling. We focused on 629 cases of astrocytomas for radio-histological integrated analyses. In 598 cases (95.1%), neoangiogenesis evaluated by MRI or histology (CE+/MPV+ or CE-/MPV-) was identical. For the CE+/MPV- and CE-/MPV+ groups (23 cases), the radio-histological face-to-face evaluation allowed us to assess that for 13 cases (56.5%) the reason for this discrepancy was an undersampled tumor. We analyzed the group of CE+/MPV- (n = 8) and CE-/MPV+ (n = 2) in verified image-guided tumoral samples. Finally, we identified three new prognostic subgroups for molecular glioblastomas: (1) "non-representative sampling" (n = 9), (2) "Non neoangiogenic glioblastoma at the time of diagnosis, without contrast enhancement and microvascular proliferation" (n = 8), and (3) "contrast enhancing glioblastoma but without microvascular proliferation in a representative sample" (n = 4). Neoangiogenesis processes should be assessed to improve the prognosis accuracy of the current integrated diagnosis. We suggest adding imaging analyses during the neuropathological analysis of astrocytomas in adults.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03279224
Contributor : Clara Martinez Rico <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 1:04:28 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 22, 2021 - 4:35:59 PM

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Roux et al. Brain Pathol. 2020...
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Alexandre Roux, Stéphane Tran, Myriam Edjlali, Raphaël Saffroy, Arnault Tauziede‐espariat, et al.. Prognostic relevance of adding MRI data to WHO 2016 and cIMPACT‐NOW updates for diffuse astrocytic tumors in adults. Working toward the extended use of MRI data in integrated glioma diagnosis. Brain Pathology, Wiley, 2021, 31 (4), pp.e12929. ⟨10.1111/bpa.12929⟩. ⟨inserm-03279224⟩

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