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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2021

Association of myocardial hemorrhage and persistent microvascular obstruction with circulating inflammatory biomarkers in STEMI patients

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Myocardial hemorrhage (IMH) and persistent microvascular obstruction (MVO) are associated with impaired myocardial recovery and adverse clinical outcomes in STEMI patients. However, their relationship with circulating inflammatory biomarkers is unclear in human patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty consecutive patients referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention of first STEMI were included in a prospective study. Blood sampling was performed at admission, 4, 12, 24, 48 hours, 7 and 30 days after reperfusion for inflammatory biomarker (C reactive protein, fibrinogen, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and neutrophils count) assessment. At seven days, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) was performed for infarct size, MVO and IMH assessment. Median infarct size was 24.6% Interquartile range (IQR) [12.0-43.5] of LV mass and edema was 13.2% IQR [7.7-36.1] of LV mass. IL-6 reached a peak at H24 (5.6 pg/mL interquartile range (IQR) [2.5-17.5]), CRP at H48 (11.7 mg/L IQR [7.1-69.2]), fibrinogen one week after admission (4.4 g/L IQR [3.8-6.7]) and neutrophils at H12 (9.0 G/L IQR [6.5-12.7]). MVO was present in 11 patients (55% of the study population) and hemorrhage in 7 patients (35%). Patients with IMH had significantly higher IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen, and neutrophils levels compared to patients without IMH. Patients with persistent MVO had significantly higher CRP, fibrinogen and neutrophils level compared to patients without MVO, but identical IL-6 kinetics. CONCLUSION: In human patients with acute myocardial infarction, intramyocardial hemorrhage appears to have a stronger relationship with inflammatory biomarker release compared to persistent MVO. Attenuating myocardial hemorrhage may be a novel target in future adjunctive STEMI treatments.
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inserm-03274416 , version 1 (30-06-2021)

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T. Bochaton, J. Lassus, A. Paccalet, F. Derimay, G. Rioufol, et al.. Association of myocardial hemorrhage and persistent microvascular obstruction with circulating inflammatory biomarkers in STEMI patients. PLoS ONE, 2021, 16 (1), pp.e0245684. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0245684⟩. ⟨inserm-03274416⟩
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