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Serum Interleukin-26 Is a New Biomarker for Disease Activity Assessment in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Abstract : Objective Interleukin-26 (IL-26) has a unique ability to activate innate immune cells due to its binding to circulating double-stranded DNA. High levels of IL-26 have been reported in patients with chronic inflammation. We aimed to investigate IL-26 levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods IL-26 serum levels were quantified by ELISA for 47 healthy controls and 109 SLE patients previously enrolled in the PLUS study. Performance of IL-26 levels and classical markers (autoantibodies or complement consumption) to identify an active SLE disease (SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score > 4) were compared. Results IL-26 levels were significantly higher in SLE patients than in controls (4.04 ± 11.66 and 0.74 ± 2.02 ng/mL; p = 0.005). IL-26 levels were also significantly higher in patients with active disease than those with inactive disease (33.08 ± 21.06 vs 1.10 ± 3.80 ng/mL, p < 0.0001). IL-26 levels correlated with SLEDAI score and the urine protein to creatinine ratio (uPCR) (p < 0.001). Patients with high IL-26 levels had higher SLEDAI score, anti-DNA antibodies levels, and uPCR (p < 0.05). They presented more frequently with C3 or C4 complement consumption. Lastly, IL-26 showed stronger performance than classical markers (complement consumption or autoantibodies) for active disease identification. Conclusions Our results suggest that, in addition to classical SLE serological markers, the measurement of IL-26 levels may be a useful biomarker for active disease identification in SLE patients.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03267806
Contributor : Elizabeth Bernardo Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 4:30:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 5:10:11 PM

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Benoit Brilland, Maxime Bach-Bunner, Christopher Nunes Gomes, Vincent Larochette, Etienne Foucher, et al.. Serum Interleukin-26 Is a New Biomarker for Disease Activity Assessment in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Frontiers in Immunology, Frontiers, 2021, 12, pp.663192. ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2021.663192⟩. ⟨inserm-03267806⟩

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