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Measuring and interpreting transposable element expression

Abstract : Transposable elements (TEs) are insertional mutagens that contribute greatly to the plasticity of eukaryotic genomes, influencing the evolution and adaptation of species as well as physiology or disease in individuals. Measuring TE expression helps to understand not only when and where TE mobilization can occur, but also how this process alters gene expression, chromatin accessibility or cellular signalling pathways. Although genome-wide gene expression assays such as RNA-sequencing include transposon-derived transcripts, the majority of computational analytical tools discard or misinterpret TE-derived reads. Emerging approaches are improving the identification of expressed TE loci and helping to discriminate TE transcripts that permit TE mobilization from gene-TE chimeric transcripts or pervasive transcription. Here, we review the main challenges associated with the detection of TE expression, including mappability, insertional and internal sequence polymorphisms, and the diversity of the TE transcriptional landscape, as well as the different experimental and computational strategies to solve them.
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Contributor : Gael Cristofari Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 12:41:37 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 4:03:56 AM
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Sophie Lanciano, Gael Cristofari. Measuring and interpreting transposable element expression. Nature Reviews Genetics, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 21 (12), pp.721-736. ⟨10.1038/s41576-020-0251-y⟩. ⟨inserm-03261002⟩



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