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Encapsulation of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Calcium Alginate Maintains Clonogenicity and Enhances their Secretory Profile

Abstract : Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) are well known for their secretory potential, which confers them useful properties in cell therapy. Nevertheless, this therapeutic potential is reduced after transplantation due to their short survival in the human body and their migration property. This study proposes a method to protect cells during and after injection by encapsulation in microparticles of calcium alginate. Besides, the consequences of encapsulation on ASC proliferation, pluripotential, and secretome were studied. Spherical particles with a mean diameter of 500 µm could be obtained in a reproducible manner with a viability of 70% after 16 days in vitro. Moreover, encapsulation did not alter the proliferative properties of ASCs upon return to culture nor their differentiation potential in adipocytes, chondrocytes, and osteocytes. Concerning their secretome, encapsulated ASCs consistently produced greater amounts of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) compared to monolayer cultures. Encapsulation therefore appears to enrich the secretome with transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (MIP-1β) not detectable in monolayer cultures. Alginate microparticles seem sufficiently porous to allow diffusion of the cytokines of interest. With all these cytokines playing an important role in wound healing, it appears relevant to investigate the impact of using encapsulated ASCs on the wound healing process.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 3:05:11 PM
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L. Capin, N. Abbassi, M. Lachat, M. Calteau, C. Barratier, et al.. Encapsulation of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Calcium Alginate Maintains Clonogenicity and Enhances their Secretory Profile. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (17), pp.6316. ⟨10.3390/ijms21176316⟩. ⟨inserm-03237048⟩

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