Associations between physical activity types and multi-domain cognitive decline in older adults from the Three-city cohort. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2021

Associations between physical activity types and multi-domain cognitive decline in older adults from the Three-city cohort.

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Abstract

Several studies suggest that physical activity improves cognitive functions and reduces cognitive decline, whereas others did not find any evidence of a neuroprotective effect. Furthermore, few cohort studies have analyzed the different physical activity types and particularly household activities. Our objective was to assess the association of two physical activity types with the decline in different cognitive domains in a large prospective cohort of community-dwelling older adults from the Three-city study. Physical activity (domestic/transportation activities and leisure/sport activities) was assessed with the Voorrips questionnaire, specific for older adults. Baseline sociodemographic and health history variables as well as cognitive performance data at baseline and during the 8- year follow-up (Mini-Mental State Examination, Benton Visual Retention Test, Trail Making Tests A and B, Isaac’s Set Test and Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test) were also available. Associations between physical activity scores and cognitive decline in different domains were tested using minimally- and multi-adjusted linear mixed models. The analysis included 1697 participants without dementia at baseline and with at least one follow-up visit. At baseline, participants with higher sub-scores for the two physical activity types had better cognitive performances. Interaction with time showed that decline in some cognitive scores (Trail Making Test B and Isaac’s Set Test) was significantly less pronounced in participants with higher household/transportation activity sub-scores. No significant effect over time was found for leisure/sport activities. This study shows that during an 8-year follow-up, executive functions and verbal fluency were better preserved in older adults who performed household/transportation activities at moderate to high level. Participation in domestic activities and using adapted transport means could allow older adults to maintain specific cognitive abilities.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03234734 , version 1 (25-05-2021)

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Caroline Dupré, Catherine Helmer, Bienvenu Bongue, Jean François Dartigues, Frédéric Roche, et al.. Associations between physical activity types and multi-domain cognitive decline in older adults from the Three-city cohort.. PLoS ONE, In press, ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0252500⟩. ⟨inserm-03234734⟩
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