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Cross-Modal Functional Connectivity of the Premotor Cortex Reflects Residual Motor Output After Stroke

Abstract : Stroke is known to cause widespread activation and connectivity changes resulting in different levels of functional impairment. Recovery of motor functions is thought to rely mainly on reorganizations within the sensorimotor cortex, but increasing attention is being paid to other cerebral regions. To investigate the motor taskrelated functional connectivity (FC) of the ipsilesional premotor cortex (PMC) and its relation to residual motor output after stroke in a population of mostly poorly recoverd patients. Twenty-four stroke patients (23 right handed, mean age = 52.4-12.6 years) with varying levels of motor deficits underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while performing different motor tasks (passive mobilization, motor execution, and motor imagery of an extension movement of the unaffected hand [UH] or affected hand [AH]). For the different motor tasks, analyses of cerebral activation and task-related FC of the ipsilesional lateral sensorimotor network (SMN), and particularly the premotor cortex (PMC), were performed. Compared with UH data, FC of the ipsilesional lateral SMN during the passive or active motor tasks involving the AH was decreased with regions of the ipsilesional SMN and was increased with regions of the bilateral frontal and the ipsilesional posterior parietal cortices such as the precuneus (Pcu). During passive wrist mobilization, FC between the ipsilesional PMC and the contralesional SMN was negatively correlated with residual motor function, whereas that with nonmotor regions such as the bilateral Pcu and the contralesional dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was positively correlated with the residual motor function. Cross-modal FC of the ipsilesional PMC may reflect compensation strategies after stroke. The results emphasize the importance of the PMC and other nonmotor regions as prominent nodes involved in reorganization processes after a stroke.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03223344
Contributor : David Gasq <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 10, 2021 - 7:29:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 13, 2021 - 3:00:40 AM

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Nabila Brihmat, Mohamed Tarri, D. Gasq, Philippe Marque, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, et al.. Cross-Modal Functional Connectivity of the Premotor Cortex Reflects Residual Motor Output After Stroke. Brain connectivity, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers, 2020, 10, pp.236 - 249. ⟨10.1089/brain.2020.0750⟩. ⟨inserm-03223344⟩

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