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Abstract P6-08-12: Feasibility of a nation-wide family-based study to assess cancer risks in families with a predicted pathogenic variant identified through hereditary breast and ovary multi-gene panel testing: The TUMOSPEC study

Abstract : Background. Assessment of the age-dependent cancer risk conferred by germline predicted pathogenic variants (PPV) in cancer susceptibility genes is often hampered by the way the data are collected. Cohort-based data frequently contain an overrepresentation of patients carrying a gene variant of interest and an underrepresentation of cancer-free gene variant carriers. In order to overcome this problem, penetrance estimates can be grounded on family-based study designs, through the evaluation of index patients (IP) and their family relatives. The purpose of the TUMOSPEC study is to estimate the penetrance of PPV in genes whose literature data are currently inaccurate or limited and to determine their associated tumour spectrum. This will lead to an appropriate assessment of the clinical utility of testing these genes. Methods. IP are enrolled consecutively among patients who are being offered a germline genetic test in a hereditary breast and ovary cancer (HBOC) context in a participating cancer genetics clinics. A panel of 24 genes (ATM, BAP1, BARD1, BRIP1, CHEK2, FANCM, FAM175A, MRE11A, NBN, STK11, RINT1, XRCC2, PALB2, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, CDH1, PTEN, RAD50, RAD51B, RAD51C, RAD51D, TP53) is tested in parallel of BRCA1 and BRCA2. If a PPV is identified, the IP is asked to give her/his first- and second-degree relatives and cousins address, regardless of their health status. Each relative is then contacted by the study coordinating centre (CC) to be invited. Each participant completes an epidemiological questionnaire addressing personal medical history and exposure to various risk factors, and provides a saliva sample to determine if he/she carries the familial PPV. The CC collects questionnaires, family history, clinical and genetic data. Results. Enrolment for the feasibility study takes place between Sep. 2017 and Dec. 2019 at each of the 46 participating french clinics. In June 2019, the study included 3,298 IP. So far, the CC received 1,241 TUMOSPEC panel results (37.6%) with a mean delay of 5 months [0.7 -17.5]. Among them, 169 carried a PPV in at least one of the genes (totalizing 183 PPV). Additionally, 44 IP with PPV identified beforehand were enrolled (table 1). Relatives’ invitation of these 213 IP began in June 2018. Among the relatives of the first 29 index cases contacted so far, 4.6 relatives per family consented to participate. Conclusions. The feasibility study showed that inclusion process is well adapted and that the communication between the various partners (clinicians, biologists, investigators and study participants) is quite smooth. Rates of inclusion for invited relatives (50%), for IP questionnaire completion (45%) and relatives biological sample collection (50%) are also very satisfactory and yet underestimated due to the recent start of relatives inclusions. Overall, this study shows that it is feasible to conduct a large-scale study to gather sufficient number of positive families for each gene included in the panel in a reasonable interval of time. This on-going national effort will allow to appropriately assess cancer risks cancer in families with a PPV in a gene often included in HBOC multi-gene panels. This is an essential step to optimize clinical management guidelines specific to each gene, and will represent a valuable resource for future research on the genetics of breast and ovary cancers.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03203351
Contributor : Christine Dupuis <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 5:30:36 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 4:24:41 PM

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Olivier Caron, Séverine Eon-Marchais, Sarah Bonnet-Boissinot, Juana Beauvallet, Marie-Gabrielle Dondon, et al.. Abstract P6-08-12: Feasibility of a nation-wide family-based study to assess cancer risks in families with a predicted pathogenic variant identified through hereditary breast and ovary multi-gene panel testing: The TUMOSPEC study. Abstracts: 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; December 10-14, 2019; San Antonio, Texas, Dec 2019, San Antonio (Texas), United States. pp.P6-08-12-P6-08-12, ⟨10.1158/1538-7445.SABCS19-P6-08-12⟩. ⟨inserm-03203351⟩

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