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Matrix attachment regions and transcription units in a polygenic mammalian locus overlapping two isochores

Abstract : Eukaryotic chromosomes are ponctuated by specialized DNA sequences (MARs) characterized by their ability to bind the network of nonhistone proteins that form the nuclear matrix or scaffold. We previously described an amplifiable cluster of genes with different tissue-specific expression patterns, located on Chinese hamster chromosome 1q. This model is especially appropriate to study the relationships between MARs and transcription units. We show here that four attachment regions, with sequences exhibiting motifs specific to MARs, are present within the 100 kb of screened DNA. Three of them are relatively short sequences localized in intergenic regions. The last one extends over one of the transcription units and contains a region previously identified as a recombination hot spot. Moreover, the analysis of a DNA sequence extending over some 50 Kb of this region and spanning at least four genes, disclosed a strikingly sharp change in G + C content. This strongly suggests that the studied region contains the boundary of two isochores. We propose that the frequency and the size of MARs are correlated to their localization in G + C rich or poor domains.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03199021
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 12:13:13 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 5:22:57 PM

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Maria-Aparecida Fernandez, Bruno Baron, Magali Prigent, Franck Toledo, Gérard Buttin, et al.. Matrix attachment regions and transcription units in a polygenic mammalian locus overlapping two isochores. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Wiley, 1997, 67 (4), pp.541-551. ⟨10.1002/(sici)1097-4644(19971215)67:4<541::aid-jcb11>3.0.co;2-c⟩. ⟨inserm-03199021⟩

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