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Gene Amplification Mechanisms: The Role of Fragile Sites

Abstract : We studied the early stages of gene amplification in a Chinese hamster cell line and identified two distinct amplification mechanisms, both relying on an unequal segregation of gene copies at mitosis. In some cases, a sequence containing the selected gene is looped out, generating an acentric circular molecule, and amplification proceeds through unequal segregation of such extrachromosomal elements in successive cell cycles. In other cases, the accumulation of intrachromosomally amplified copies is driven by cycles of chromatid breakage, followed by fusion of sister chromatids devoid of a telomere, which leads to bridge formation and further break in mitosis (BFB cycles). We showed that some clastogenic drugs specifically trigger the intrachromosomal amplification pathway and strictly correlated this induction of BFB cycles to the ability of these drugs to activate fragile sites. In three model systems, we also established, that the location of centromeric and telomeric fragile sites relative to the selected genes determines the size and sequence content of the early amplicons.
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Michelle Debatisse, Arnaud Coquelle, Franck Toledo, Gérard Buttin. Gene Amplification Mechanisms: The Role of Fragile Sites. Recent results in cancer research, 154, pp.216-226, 1998, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-46870-4_13⟩. ⟨inserm-03199020⟩



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