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Cardiac cAMP-PKA signaling compartmentalization in myocardial infarction

Abstract : Under physiological conditions cAMP signaling plays a key role in the regulation of cardiac function. Activation of this intracellular signaling pathway mirrors cardiomyocyte adaptation to various extracellular stimuli. Extracellular ligand binding to seven-transmembrane receptors (a.k.a., GPCR) with G-proteins and adenylyl cyclases (ACs) modulate intracellular cAMP content. Subsequently, this second messenger triggers activation of specific intracellular downstream effectors that ensure a proper cellular response. Therefore, it is essential for the cell to keep the cAMP signaling highly regulated in space and time. The temporal regulation depends on activity of ACs and phosphodiesterases. By scaffolding key components of the cAMP signaling machinery, A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) coordinate both the spatial and temporal regulation. Myocardial infarction is one of the major causes of death in industrialized countries and is characterized by a prolonged cardiac ischemia. This leads to irreversible cardiomyocyte death and impairs cardiac function. Regardless of its causes, a chronic activation of cardiac cAMP signaling is established to compensate this loss. While this adaptation is primary beneficial for contractile function, it turns in the long run to be deleterious. This review compiles current knowledge about cardiac cAMP compartmentalization under physiological conditions and post-myocardial infarction when it appears to be profoundly impaired.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03175997
Contributor : Guillaume Pidoux <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 22, 2021 - 9:17:47 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 3, 2021 - 3:45:34 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 23, 2021 - 6:17:11 PM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-03175997, version 1

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Anne-Sophie Colombe, Guillaume Pidoux. Cardiac cAMP-PKA signaling compartmentalization in myocardial infarction. 2021. ⟨inserm-03175997⟩

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