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Journal Articles Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology Year : 2021

Cleaners and airway diseases

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Abstract

Purpose of review: Evidence for adverse respiratory effects of occupational exposure to disinfectants and cleaning products (DCPs) has grown in the last two decades. The relationship between DCPs and asthma is well-documented, but questions remain regarding specific causal agents. Beyond asthma, associations between DCPs and COPD or chronic rhinitis are plausible and have been examined recently. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent advances on the effect of occupational exposure to DCP and chronic airway diseases. Recent findings: Recent epidemiological studies have often focused on healthcare workers and are characterized by efforts to improve assessment of exposure to specific DCPs. Despite increasing knowledge on the effect of DCPs on asthma, the burden of work-related asthma caused by DCPs has not decreased in the past decade, emphasizing the need to strengthen prevention efforts. Novel data suggest an association between occupational exposure to DCPs and other chronic airway diseases, such as rhinitis, COPD and poor lung function. Summary: Epidemiological and experimental data showed that many chemicals contained in DCPs are likely to cause airway damages, indicating that prevention strategies should target multiple products. Further research is needed to evaluate the impact of DCPs exposure on occupational airway diseases beyond asthma.
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Dates and versions

inserm-03166925 , version 1 (11-03-2021)

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Orianne Dumas. Cleaners and airway diseases. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2021, 21 (2), pp.101-109. ⟨10.1097/ACI.0000000000000710⟩. ⟨inserm-03166925⟩
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