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A partially demineralized allogeneic bone graft: in vitro osteogenic potential and preclinical evaluation in two different intramembranous bone healing models

Abstract : In skeletal surgical procedures, bone regeneration in irregular and hard-to-reach areas may present clinical challenges. In order to overcome the limitations of traditional autologous bone grafts and bone substitutes, an extrudable and easy-to-handle innovative partially demineralized allogenic bone graft in the form of a paste has been developed. In this study, the regenerative potential of this paste was assessed and compared to its clinically used precursor form allogenic bone particles. Compared to the particular bone graft, the bone paste allowed better attachment of human mesenchymal stromal cells and their commitment towards the osteoblastic lineage, and it induced a pro-regenerative phenotype of human monocytes/macrophages. The bone paste also supported bone healing in vivo in a guide bone regeneration model and, more interestingly, exhibited a substantial bone-forming ability when implanted in a critical-size defect model in rat calvaria. Thus, these fndings indicate that this novel partially demineralized allogeneic bone paste that combines substantial bone healing properties and rapid and ease-of-use may be a promising alternative to allogeneic bone grafts for bone regeneration in several clinical contexts of oral and maxillofacial bone grafting.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03157874
Contributor : Arnaud Eyraud Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 3, 2021 - 2:54:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:19:34 AM

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Pierre Tournier, Jérôme Guicheux, Arnaud Paré, Aymeric Maltezeanu, Thibaut Blondy, et al.. A partially demineralized allogeneic bone graft: in vitro osteogenic potential and preclinical evaluation in two different intramembranous bone healing models. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.4907. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-84039-6⟩. ⟨inserm-03157874⟩

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